RELATED FIELD STUDIES found that incorporating compost over a 2-year period positively affected the structure, porosity, water holding capacity, compression strength, nutrient content, pH and organic matter content of the soil, which resulted in improved plant growth, crop yield and quality for the crops being studied.
RELATED FIELD STUDIES found in compost amended soils, corn yield increased by 10%, stover yield by 6%, water use efficiency by and fertilizer use efficency increased by 10%, (N) 10% (P) and 5% (K) compared to fertilizer only plots.
RELATED FIELD STUDIES determined that compost amended soils exhibited higher potential denitrification rates, greater denitrification efficiency, higher organic matter, and greater microbial activity while reducing harmful nitrate leaching by 5 times compared to the conventionally farmed soils.
RELATED FIELD STUDIES have determined that high-quality compost significantly suppresses Pythium and Rhizoctonia soil diseases and induces systemic resistance (ISR) to soil diseases even after 1-year from its application.
HUNDREDS OF RELATED FIELD STUDIES consistently demonstrate how multiple compost applications increase soil organic matter, soil water holding capacity, microbial activity, nutrient cycling and plant growth. As soil conditions improve, soil disease pressure lessens, crop yields increase by 10-20% while eliminating yield differences between conventional and no-till systems and lowering chemical fertilizer and fungicide inputs compared to chemical fertilizer only treatments. Simply put, soils high in organic matter outperform soils with low organic matter and Cocoa Compost Fertilizers have it all- nutrients, organic matter, microorganisms, humic substances and plant growth hormones.
If more evidence is needed that high-quality humus compost works, here is the personal story of Alan Dale, a 2,200 acre no-till corn and soybean farmer from central Illinois.
“I have been applying humus compost to 1,000 acres of my no-till, continuous corn crop land since 2002. After the first 4 years, I was able to eliminate all of my P and K fertilizer and reduced my N to 80 lbs/acre in corn. Over that same period, my corn yields have increased 10% over my 5 year running average (190+bu/acre). I have noticed that humus compost not only increases soil structure, but helps the soil manage the water. I have less standing water after a heavy rain and more moisture retained in the soil. The contribution of reduced fertilizer costs and increased yields, have pleasantly improved my bottom line over $100/acre, making me and my banker very happy.” Alan Dale, Conventional Corn and Soybean Farmer, Walnut, IL 2012
Cocoa Compost Fertilizers are independently tested and analyzed for biological, chemical, and physical factors, such as pathogens, heavy metals, pesticides, inerts, nutrients, pH, salts, moisture, organic matter, and stability to assure crop safety, public safety and environmental protection.
Cocoa provides customers with a guaranteed nutrient analysis for total nitrogen (N), ammonium-N, phosphate (P2O5), and potassium (K2O) as well as micronutrients (Ca, Fe, Mb, Mg, Mn, S & Zn).
Cocoa Compost Fertilizers slowly release macronutrients (N, P, & K), micronutrients (Ca, Fe, Mb, Mg, Mn, S & Zn) and valuable organic matter needed for crop production.
Nitrogen (N)—Cocoa Compost contains two forms of nitrogen fertilizer – organic N and Ammonium Nitrate.
1. The organic nitrogen (N) fraction is unavailable for uptake until soil microorganisms degrade the organic compounds which then release this plant-available N over time.
2. The ammonium-N form is readily available and released immediately.
Phosphorous (P)—70 to 80% of the phosphorus (P) will be available in the first year after application.
Potassium (K)—80 to 90% of the potassium (K) will be available in the first year after application.
Micronutrients (Ca, Fe, Mb, Mg, Mn, S & Zn)—available in the first year after application.
According to Liebig's Law of Limiting Factors, a plant’s growth will be restricted if a single essential nutrient is missing or insufficient; even if the soil contains adequate amounts of every other element required for growth. For example, if your soil is low in nitrogen (N) and it doesn't meet the crop's growing requirements, adding more phosphorous (P) or potassium (K) will not improve the growth or yield of your crop. However, by adding enough nitrogen to meet the crop’s requirements, growth and yields will increase until another nutrient becomes the limiting factor. Every application of Cocoa Compost Fertilizers contains valuable micronutrients that help ensure crops don't get caught short of these essential nutrients.
Studies show adding compost to soil can increase cation exchange capacity by 300% or more. The availability of micronutrients to growing plants depends upon soil pH levels and organic matter content. In general, if the soil pH decreases, the availability of most micronutrients increases (more acidic); If the soil pH increases (more alkaline) the availability of micronutrients decreases. Cocoa's humic substances chelate, or form complexes with micronutrients. Chelated micronutrients are more availabe to plants, even at higher pH levels.
Cocoa contains calcium (Ca), sulfur (S) and other essential micronutrients, which aggregate and flocculate soil particles into little peds that improves structure and porosity. This results in better aeration, infiltration, root growth, water storage and biological activity. All these benefits add up to better soil tilth, increased crop production and lower inputs.
Humic subtances (humic acids, fulvic acids and humates) have been studied extensively and proven to enhance plant growth and increase crop yields. Humic substances are one of most active and important soil organic matter fractions because they bond with silt, clay, carbohydrates and nutrients to form soil aggregates. Aggregates form the crumbly soil structure responsible for tilth, water holding capacity, water infiltration, cation and oxygen exchange and serve as the major reservoir of plant nutrients. Humic substances also buffer the soil pH and mineralize nitrogen (N) and phosphorous (P) nutrients and trace elements into plant absorbable forms.
During the composting process, humic subtances are naturally formed from the decomposition of organic matter by bacteria and fungi. Cocoa's composting system encourages diverse groups of microbes to thrive, multiply and build-up high concentrations of stable humic substances in our high-quality humus compost.
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is a plant growth hormone which controls important plant physiological processes and stimulates plant growth. Independent studies have demonstrated that IAA increases plant shoot height, shoot and root dry weights, root activity, nitrate reductase and hydrogen peroxidase activities, as well as the uptake of N, P, K and micronutrients.
Cocoa Compost Fertilizers contain IAA as well as Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) that promote plant growth directly and indirectly after application. Once the PGPR get into the soil, they multiply and produce even more beneficial plant growth regulators, such as auxins, gibberellin, IAA, siderophores, cytokinins and antibiotics.